Methodius, who in the ninth century brought the Gospel to the Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe. It calls for recognition of the moral dimension of interdependence along with a concept of development that is not merely economic. Pope John Paul reaffirms the continuity of church social teaching as well as its constant renewal. The encyclical examines the new frontiers for missionary activity in modern cities or some traditionally Christian areas needing re-evangelization, while emphasizing the continued importance of a mission ad gentes—to the nations.
See Article History Alternative Titles: His pontificate of more than 26 years was the third longest in history. As part of his effort to promote greater understanding between nations and between religions, he undertook numerous trips abroad, traveling far greater distances than had all other popes combined, and he extended his influence beyond the church by campaigning against political oppression and criticizing the materialism of the West.
He also issued several unprecedented apologies to groups that historically had been wronged by Catholics, most notably Jews and Muslims. His unabashed Polish nationalism and his emphasis on nonviolent political activism aided the Solidarity movement in communist Poland in the s and ultimately contributed to the peaceful dissolution of the Soviet Union in More generally, John Paul used his influence among Catholics and throughout the world to advance the recognition of human dignity and to deter the use of violence.
His centralized style of church governance, however, dismayed some members of the clergy, who found it autocratic and stifling. He failed to reverse an overall decline in the numbers of priests and nunsand his traditional interpretations of church teachings on personal and sexual morality alienated some segments of the laity.
Although Wadowice, a town of about 8, Catholics and 2, Jews, lay only 15 miles 24 km from the future site of Auschwitza Nazi death campthere was apparently little anti-Semitism in the town before the war. His mother, Emilia Kaczorowska, died when he was eight years old; his brother, Edmund, who had become a physician, died less than four years later.
His studies ended abruptly when Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, In the months that followed, Jews as well as non-Jewish cultural and political leaders, including professors and priests, were killed or deported to concentration camps by the Naziswho considered the Slavs an inferior race.
For the next four years, in order to avoid arrest and deportation, he worked in a factory owned by Solvay, a chemical firm that the Nazis considered essential to their war effort.
By the autumn of he had decided to enter the priesthood. In the Soviets replaced the Germans as occupiers of Poland. He then began two years of study in Rome, where he completed his first doctorate, an examination of the theology of St.
John of the Cross. During the next decade he completed a second doctorate, taught theology and ethics at the Jagiellonian University, and eventually was appointed to a full professorship at the Catholic University of Lublin. The young priest wrote poetry, published anonymously, on a variety of religious, social, and personal themes.
He also became the spiritual leader and mentor of a circle of young adult friends whom he joined on kayaking and camping trips. Together, they celebrated mass in the open at a time when unapproved worship outside of churches was forbidden by the communist regime.
Experiences with these friends contributed to the ideas in his first book of nonfiction, Love and Responsibilityan exploration of the several graces available in conjugal sexual relationships.
The work was considered radical by those who held the traditional church view that sex was solely for the purpose of procreation.
He planted a cross in the field where the church was to stand and defied communist authorities by holding masses there.
He also applied for permission to hold traditional religious processions in the streets, though he was often turned down. Meanwhile, he had written his major philosophical work, The Acting Personwhich argues that moral actions—not simply thoughts or statements—create authentic personality and define what a person truly stands for.
This ability would enhance the impact of the messages he delivered as pope to the faithful around the world, especially during his trips, when his ability to appeal to the millions who gathered to see him was captured in global television broadcasts.
He died only 33 days later.St. John Paul II: Saint John Paul II, the bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church (–), the first non-Italian pope in years and the first from a Slavic country.
His pontificate of more than 26 years was the third longest in history. He was .
Saint John Paul II Biography. Karol J. Wojtyla, known as John Paul II since his October election to the papacy, was born in Wadowice, a small city 50 kilometres from Cracow, on May 18, He was the second of two sons born to Karol Wojtyla and Emilia Kaczorowska.
His mother died in John Paul II Encyclicals [ DA - DE IOANNES PAULUS PP.
II VERITATIS SPLENDOR. Blessing. Venerable Brothers in the Episcopate, Health and the Apostolic Blessing! The splendour of truth shines forth in all the works of the Creator and, in a special way, Pope Paul VI teaches. VATICAN CITY (VIS) - The Encyclical Letter "Dominum et Vivificantem" on the Holy Spirit in the life of the Church and the world was written by John Paul II in , during the eighth year of his pontificate.
The encyclical has footnoted citations, many to Francis's immediate predecessors, John Paul II and Benedict XVI. Filipino Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle, the Archbishop of Manila, wrote that "In Laudato si' Pope Francis reminds us to replace consumption with a sense of sacrifice, greed with generosity and wastefulness with a spirit of.
“The Papal Encyclicals ” published by Pierian Press. For several years, St. Michael’s Depot included these documents.