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When Jennie was two, her mother, Sarah, died whilst giving War and pacifism essay to her ninth child. As a result, Addams formed a significant bond with her father, John, who was a successful mill owner and politician. John Addams corresponded with Lincoln, and Jane Addams associated her father and Lincoln as moral icons and personal inspirations throughout her life.
The relationship between John and his daughter was important because it afforded Jane the attention of an educated and worldly adult, an opportunity not experienced by many young women of this era. John Addams remarried but there was always a special bond between Jane and he.
Although Addams was always a good student, she blossomed in college and became a widely acknowledged campus leader. She later replicated the woman-centered atmosphere at Hull-House.
When Addams graduated from college inshe intended to pursue a medical career, but after a short tine in graduate school, she decided that medicine was not in her future.
The death of her father in that same year placed her life in turmoil. Having lost direction in her life, she fell into a decade-long phase of soul searching, combined with sporadic health problems. During this period she undertook several trips to Europe.
On her second trip, she encountered the pioneering social settlement, Toynbee Hall in London. Toynbee Hall provided young men an opportunity to work to improve the lives of impoverished Londoners.
Soon after this encounter Addams developed a plan to start a social settlement in the United States. Addams enlisted the help of her friend Ellen Gates Starr in her noble scheme. Starr had briefly attended Rockford College with Addams, so they shared an understanding of the empowerment that a female community could provide to its residents.
Addams and Starr open the Hull-House settlement in in the heart of a run-down neighborhood on the west side of Chicago.
They began with few plans, few resources and few residents but with a desire to be good neighbors to the community.
Women, and to a lesser extent men, came from all over the country to live and work as part of this progressive experiment in communal living combined with social activism.
At first, Addams had rented the entire second floor and the first floor drawing room of the Hull-House building but eventually the settlement complex grew to accommodate one full city block.
Addams faced an ongoing challenge to explain the work Hull-House had undertaken. People often felt compelled to give settlement projects the familiar label of charity work, but Addams rebuffed this claim. Addams was an effective activist and organizer but she was also keenly attuned to social theory.
As a child she had read widely, largely influenced by her father who housed the town library in their home. At Hull-House, Addams attracted the attention of John Dewey, William James and George Herbert Mead, each of whom visited and engaged Addams in lively conversations that proved to be mutually influencing.
Given this intellectual foundation, Addams used her Hull-House experience as a springboard for developing public philosophy in the American Pragmatist Tradition.
Addams viewed issues of knowledge as the most profound contemporary challenge. Social settlements were an active effort to learn about one another across class and cultural divides thus building collective knowledge about the individuals who make up this diverse society.
In this manner, Hull-House served as a multi-directional conduit of information about human lives: Addams and her cohorts helped immigrants learn how to navigate the complex American culture while Addams communicated and thematized her experience with immigrants to help white, upper and middle class America understand what it meant to be poor and displaced.
Furthermore, Addams viewed this knowledge creation as reciprocal: Addams was unique in recognizing that immigrants could contribute to American culture. Addams authored or co-authored a dozen books and over articles after she founded Hull-House. The articles appeared in both scholarly and popular periodicals, establishing Addams as a public philosopher and social leader.
Addams was also a much in-demand speaker and she traveled nationally and internationally to make presentations that supported her progressive values. Addams was one of the few women of the era to transgress the private sphere to successfully influence the public sphere. Polls indicate that Addams became one of the most recognized and admired figures in the United States.
She was an influential catalyst for change, lending her name and organizing skills to a variety of causes. Addams worked with W.The advanced German weapons of World War 2. In World War 2, Germany had a significant advantage in several fields of weapons technology.
The German advantage was particularly noticeable at the beginning of the war, and towards the end of the war, with a diverse series of innovative weapons, commonly referred to as German secret weapons by The Allies, and Wonder Weapons by the .
Free Essay: Pacifism is the belief that violence is not the way to resolve differences. They believe that war can be avoided and that there are better and. Outline the key concepts of Just War and Pacifism.
A01  The Just war theory maintains that war may be justified if fought only in certain circumstances, and only if certain restrictions are applied to the way in which war is fought.
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How are American identity and America's presence in the world shaped by war, and what does God have to do with it?
CIVIL WAR. In "Democracy after Civil War: A Kantian Paradox," New York University, November 16, , Leonard Wantchekon presents a theory of "post-civil war democratization" which draws upon the model of political order among rational demons as well as sources from "classical political theory, contemporary democratic theory, and the state-building literature.". Just War The just war theory is a largely Christian philosophy that attempts to reconcile three things: * taking human life is seriously wrong * states have a duty to defend their citizens, and defend justice * protecting innocent human life and defending important moral values sometimes requires willingness to use force and violence There are six conditions that must be satisfied for a war . The View of Pacifism Essay Words | 8 Pages. The View of Pacifism Works Cited Missing The question of whether or not going to war is appropriate is a .
Esteemed theologian Stanley Hauerwas helps readers reflect theologically on war. In the autumn of , the philosopher Martin Heidegger began to record his thoughts in small diaries that he called the schwarze Hefte, or “black notebooks.” Their name describes their black oilcloth covering, but one could be forgiven for thinking it described their content.
They will cast a dark shadow over Heidegger’s legacy.
After describing some compelling arguments, I will defend my own position that pacifism is the only ideal which mankind should embrace. We will write a custom essay sample on Just War Theory and Pacifism.