Ancient Greece In the view of most people throughout history, moral questions have objectively correct answers.
This definition, by itself, tells us nothing about the standard by which we establish or measure right and wrong. The centuries have seen many different approaches to ethics; none seem to be satisfactory.
The terms 'ethics', and even more so, 'morality' carry heavy emotional baggage.
Traditional approaches to morality are confused and contradictory. While supposedly telling us what is 'right' or 'good' for us, they variously imply sacrificing our lives to some Greater Good, restrict beneficial sexual conduct, oppose our legitimate desire for personal happiness or offer supposedly ideal, but impractical solutions.
I consider these views to be distortions of what ethics really has to offer - given a rational approach. Ethics should and can give real and practical guidance to our lives - our best rational interests - without sacrificing others.
The system that I'm proposing is a workable personal guide to acquiring virtues that promote optimal living, both for the individual and, by extension, for society. It is designed for self-motivated individuals who seek a rational system of principles that will help them both define and achieve ever improving character and living.
A system that we can enthusiastically pursue, not from duty or primarily to please others, but for personal benefit and from personal conviction. Why do we need Ethics? Morality is often used by various leaders and organizations to control society - sometimes benevolently, but usually bringing about self-sacrifice and human suffering.
There are, however, far more fundamental and legitimate reasons for ethics: To provide purpose and meaning to our lives by helping to define goals in our lives - and then to help guide us to achieve them. Choices The most basic need for ethics lies in the fact that we do not automatically know what will benefit our lives, and what will be detrimental.
We constantly face choices that effect the length and quality of our lives. We must choose our values: We must choose what to think about, and how to go about achieving our goals.
Which character traits to acquire, and which to eliminate. Which of our emotional responses are beneficial, and which detrimental. By what criteria to judge others, and on what basis to interact with them. We must pro-actively think about these issues and deliberately direct our lives.
To the extent that we default on this, to that extent we are at the mercy of social and emotional factors that may be far from optimal - a drifting boat, at the mercy of the currents and winds.
Ethics is about the choices that we make - or fail to make. We are aware of our conscious thoughts and of our ability to make informed, intelligent choices - that is what we call free will 1.
We are aware that the choices that we make have consequences, both for ourselves and for others. We are aware of the responsibility that we have for our actions. But, we do not have reliable inherent knowledge or instincts that will automatically promote our survival and flourishing.
We may have an inherent emotional desire to survive and avoid pain, but we do not have innate knowledge about how to achieve those objectives. A rational, non-contradictory ethic can help us make better choices regarding our lives and well-being. Issues not subject to our choice - unknown to us or outside of our control - are not moral issues.
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Most moral systems concern themselves primarily with social interactions - what effect do my actions have on others. This puts the cart before the horse. How can we hope to judge what is good for others, good for society, before we have determined what is good for the individual?
What is good for me?On the view that God exists, though, we can explain why the universe is the way that it is; it is because God created the universe with beings like us in mind.
This argument, if it is successful, strongly suggests the existence of a Creator that takes an interest in humanity. The Civil War can be accounted for in this way to a very great extent. Some historians argue that everything in a society is based on its economic system. Jan 15, · We seem as a country to be in denial as to the implications of these laws and policies.
Whether we are viewed as a free country with authoritarian inclinations or an authoritarian nation with free aspirations (or some other hybrid definition), we are clearly not what we once were. Nov 20, · We can help connect you with relevant insurance providers to make sure you're covered at the best price.
Islam is actually perfectly balanced in this regard. But Muslim people - socially - emphasize the former, for some reason. Generally speaking, in legal matters, people are more likely to . Can you experience sensations, impressions, feelings without language?
Yes, and very few would argue otherwise. But there is a difference between being able to experience, say, pain or light, and. The growth of biotech crops is the fastest growing segment in agriculture.
While much of these crops are used for animal feed and biofuel, much of it also makes its way directly into a majority of processed foods sold in America and Asia.