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The name originally referred to Britain as a whole, but was later restricted to Caledonia giving the modern Scottish Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba.
It may be related to other European and Mediterranean toponyms such as Alpesand Albania. It has two possible etymologies. This is perhaps in reference to the white southern shores of the island, though Celtic linguist Xavier Delamarre argued that it originally meant "the world above, the visible world", in opposition to "the world below", i.
By the 1st century AD, the name refers unequivocally to Great Britain. But this "enigmatic name for Britain, revived much later by Romantic poets like William Blake, did not remain popular among Greek writers.
From these words the Romans derived the Latin forms Britannia, Britannus, and Britannicus respectively". Pliny the Elderin his Natural History 4. Two giants of Albion are in the background, encountered by a ship carrying Brutus and his men. To reach that happy shore thy sails employ There fate decrees to raise a second Troy And found an empire in thy royal line, Which time shall ne'er destroy, nor bounds confine.
Notwithstanding this, the pleasant situation of the places, the plenty of rivers abounding with fish, and the engaging prospect of its woods, made Brutus and his company very desirous to fix their habitation in it.
Anglo-Norman Albina story[ edit ] Later, in the 14th century, a more elaborate tale was developed, claiming that Albina and her sisters founded Albion and procreated there a race of giants.
A prose English translation is given in Richard Barber 's anthology The youngest would not be party to the crime and divulged the plot, so the other princesses were confined to an unsteerable rudderless ship and set adrift, and after three days reached an uninhabited land later to be known as "England".
The eldest daughter Albina Albine was the first to set shore and lay claim to the land, naming it after herself. At first, the women gathered acorns and fruits, but once they learned to hunt and obtain meat, it aroused their lecherous desires.
As no other humans inhabited the land, they mated with evil spirits called "' incubi ", and subsequently with the sons they begot, engendering a race of giants. These giants are evidenced by huge bones which are unearthed.
Brutus arrived years after Albina, before the birth of Christ, but by then there were only 24 giants left, due to inner strife. Octosyllabic is not the only form the Anglo-Norman Des Grantz Geanz, there are five forms, the others being: The princesses are all banished to Albion after plotting to murder their husbands, where they couple with the local demons; their offspring became a race of giants.
The chronicle asserts that during the voyage Albyne entrusted the fate of the sisters to "Appolyn," which was the god of their faith. The Syrian king who was her father sounds much like a Roman emperor,  though Diocletian 3rd century would be anachronistic, and Holinshed  explains this as a bungling of the legend of Danaus and his fifty daughters who founded Argos.
Later treatment of the myth[ edit ] Because Geoffrey of Monmouth's work was regarded as fact until the late 17th century, the story appears in most early histories of Britain.ORA provides high visibility and digital upkeep for Oxford digital theses. Students should read information concerning the deposit of and use of digital theses that is available on this web site.
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Oxford Learning Institute University of Oxford Research Supervision @ Oxford Submitting the thesis and e-thesis Extracts from the Examination Regulations for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Il primo locale di questo genere di cui si ha notizia fu aperto intorno al a Venezia, in funzione dei traffici commerciali esistenti fra la Serenissima ed il mondo Ottomano.
In Inghilterra vi arrivò circa dieci anni dopo e la prima coffee house, The Angel, venne aperta a Oxford da un ebreo nell'edificio ora conosciuto come "The Grand Cafe".. Una targa . Judging from Avienus's Ora Maritima to which it is considered to have served as a source, the Massaliote Periplus (originally written in the 6th century BC, translated by Avienus at the end of the 4th century), does not use the name Britannia; instead it speaks of nēsos Iernōn kai Albiōnōn "the islands of the Iernians and the Albiones".
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