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Learning about differences Arabic is a Semitic language and is spoken throughout the Middle East, North Africa and some African countries. Classical Arabic is the language of the Qur'an; a modern standard Arabic is used in schools, university and the mass media.
Pronunciation, lexical and syntactic variations are common among the large variety of colloquial dialects that have developed in each country and consequently modern standard Arabic or English are commonly used for inter-country communication.
Pronunciation and problems that may arise for Arabic speakers learning English: Arabic has 28 or 29 letters depending on whether or not the hamza or glottal english writing arabic style sofa is counted as a separate letter. In total in Arabic, there are only three short vowels 'a', 'I', 'u', which are generally not written in texts, three long vowels and two diphthongs.
Short vowels, when written, occur as a diagonal stroke above the consonant it follows. When no short vowel occurs after a consonant a small o occurs over the consonant indicating vowel silence. The English vowel system presents major problems for Arab learners of English both in terms of pronunciation and spelling.
Though there are only five vowel symbols in English, there are 24 vowel sounds consisting of monothongs, diphthongs and thriphthongs. The latter two are particularly difficult for Arabic speakers as they tend to pronounce each sound as a separate vowel sound and often never master the art of elision or coalescence of the sounds.
Similarly, spelling is problematic as many of the English short vowel sounds are very close e. Arabic consonant sounds vary from dialect to dialect but the following problems occur for speakers from most Arabic dialects. Many speakers have trouble differentiating between the English 'g' and 'j' as there is no separate 'g' phoneme.
The voiced and unvoiced 'th' sounds occur in Arabic but may be pronounced as 't' in some dialects or 's' in others leading to some confusion with pronunciation and spelling of these sounds in English. Consonant clusters are unusual in Arabic especially those that are longer than two consonants so Arabic speakers tend to put a short vowel between two consonants producing sounds like sepoon for spoon, nekist for next etc.
Arabic is a stress timed language but stress is more regular and predictable than English so it is difficult sometimes for learners to master the uncertain stress patterns of some English words. Writing in Arabic is from right to left and elementary learners may have trouble with the left right system in English.
There are no capital letters in Arabic in any situation so learning the conventions of capitals can be difficult and some learners may put a capital letter in the middle of a sentence or omit them where needed.
Letters that are somewhat similar in shape e. Some learners have been diagnosed as being dyslexic because of the rearranging of letters in the middle of words as in 'form' 'from' but this is more likely to occur because of the right left dichotomy. Punctuation system of English is more rigid than that of Arabic and learners tend to use commas in place of full stops often leading to run on sentences.
There is also a tend to write long compound sentences joined by 'and' — more a feature of spoken Arabic. I shall just list the main points of difference here that present problems for Arabic speakers learning English and that help explain the error types we find in writing.
Arabic has what is called a nominal sentence — equivalent to the English simple sentence constructed with the verb 'to be'.
There is one form in the present simple verb equivalent to both present simple and present progressive so learners often overuse the —ing form in English. There are two past forms that equate to the English past simple and past progressive but their usage is different to those of English.
The past simple form is generally used to describe events that are of a punctual nature and the past progressive form to refer to events that were underway when another event happened as in English but the form is also used to describe habitual and repeated events.
There is no form that equates to the English present perfect. For present perfect resultative as in 'I have just eaten' and existential 'I have visited Cairo many times' a past simple form is adequate.
Verbs show person and therefore it is not necessary to always include the personal pronouns as is necessary in English. Arabic nouns are either masculine or feminine — there is no neuter gender.
The gender of the noun affects the form of an accompanying adjective i. The English pronoun 'it' takes the masculine or feminine form depending on the word it refers to.A tool for arabic translation from english to arabic powered by google.
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These are actually powerful fonts, that can be used to set both English style font, and Arabic, in harmony. One such option is The Sans Arabic by Lucas Fonts, as a part of their Thesis project. Meanwhile, Linotype comes with an Arabic font around Neue . Write Arabic.
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Jan 18, · Hello, I cannot speak or read Arabic, but need help for something I'm writing. Sofa. All my sources, and I have consulted many, agree it comes from Arabic, suffa, but I have heard at least three different explanations for what suffa means.