Writing, the first technology to make the spoken word permanent, changed the human condition. It was a revolution in communication when a script allowed individuals to share information without meeting face to face. Writing also made it possible to store information, creating a pool of knowledge well beyond the ability of any single human to master yet, at the same time, available to all. Writing is regarded as the threshold of history, because it ended the reliance upon oral tradition, with all the inaccuracies this entailed.
The study of writing systems, to a large extent, consists of establishing correspondences between these marks, or symbols, and units of the spoken language such as individual sounds, syllables, morphemes smallest units of meaningor words.
Whereas speech is ephemeral, writing leaves a permanent record of a language. The invention of writing some 5, years ago is probably one of the greatest achievements of humankind. There are differing opinions as to why people felt the need to write.
Some think that religion was the motivating force, while others suggest that it was motivated by the need to keep business records. Cuneiform Early shipping records kept on clay tablets gave rise to cuneiform writing in Mesopotamia in 3, BC.
Symbols were scratched on flat clay tablets with a squared-off stick which left wedge-shaped marks in the clay. These scripts have a similar appearance. Scholars tried to figure out this writing system after it had been dead for close to 1, years.
This system used symbols to represent discrete speech sounds. The Greeks felt that they needed symbols for representing vowels. So they chose some Semitic consonants to represent Greek consonants and then used the extra Semitic consonant symbols for Greek vowels.
Thus, the Greek alphabet was the first alphabet that included symbols to represent vowels. It was used for non-religious purposes until the 18th century, when it completely replaced Khutsuri.
These additional letters were used for Old Church Slavonic sounds not represented in the Greek script. Cyrillic was most probably developed by disciples of Cyril and Methodius. There are some relatively minor differences in the Cyrillic alphabets depending on the language.Obviously this is quite a challenge in terms of getting messages across the different cultural and languages constrains!
Writing Around the World is the perfect field guide for this task and it has helped me to improve the communication flow within the IYA network/5(3).
41 rows · This is a list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some . Virginia writing essay grad admission food inc review essay assignment my dream school short essay about nature robert jordan author biography essay essay Essay about different kinds of democracies around the world.
Posted in Essay about different kinds of democracies around the world Post navigation. Prev Franciska Lőrincz. Search. Chinese writing is the oldest system in the world that has hardly changed in the last 4, years. It is thought to have originated as pictures around 2, BC. The earliest known logographs, or pictograms, were inscribed on oracle bones.
About Writing Around the World Cultures use different writing strategies because they strive for different goals.
Some cultures rely on writer responsibility while other cultures rely on reader responsibility. Cultures use different writing strategies because they strive for different goals. Some cultures rely on writer responsibility while other cultures rely on reader responsibility. Writer responsibility emphasizes clear and concise prose, actions over subjects, practical implications, and follows a deductive logical structure/5(3).