How do concepts change over time? What was the ancient concept of Evil, and what is its modern counterpart? Why does the existence of Evil deny the existence of God?
Whilst I have tried to be as neutral as possible regarding contentious issues, you should always remember that this document represents only one viewpoint.
I would encourage you to read widely and draw your own conclusions; some relevant books are listed in a companion document: To provide a sense of cohesion and progression, I have presented this article as an imaginary conversation between an atheist and a theist.
All the questions asked by the imaginary theist are questions which have cropped up repeatedly on the Usenet newsgroup alt.
Some other frequently asked questions are answered in a companion document: Please note that this article is arguably slanted towards answering questions posed from a Christian viewpoint.
This is because the FAQ files reflect questions which have actually been asked, and it is predominantly Christians who proselytize on alt. So when I talk of religion, I am talking primarily about religions such as Christianity, Judaism and Islam, which involve some sort of superhuman divine being.
Much of the discussion will apply to other religions, but some of it may not. See Definition of a "cult. This absence of belief generally comes about either through deliberate choice, or from an inherent inability to believe religious teachings which seem literally incredible.
It is not a lack of belief born out of simple ignorance of religious teachings. Some atheists go beyond a mere absence of belief in gods: Just lacking belief in Gods is often referred to as the "weak atheist" position; whereas believing that gods do not or cannot exist is known as "strong atheism.
Whether they are 'atheists' or not is a matter of debate. Since you're unlikely to meet anyone who has never encountered religion, it's not a very important debate It is important, however, to note the difference between the strong and weak atheist positions.
Please do not fall into the trap of assuming that all atheists are "strong atheists. Some atheists believe in the nonexistence of all Gods; others limit their atheism to specific Gods, such as the Christian God, rather than making flat-out denials. Disbelief in a proposition means that one does not believe it to be true.
Not believing that something is true is not equivalent to believing that it is false; one may simply have no idea whether it is true or not. Which brings us to agnosticism. Huxley at a meeting of the Metaphysical Society in He defined an " agnostic " as someone who disclaimed both "strong" atheism and theism, and who believed that the question of whether a higher power existed was unsolved and insoluble.
Another way of putting it is that an agnostic is someone who believes that we do not know for sure whether God exists.
Some agnostics believe that we can never know. In recent years, however, the term agnostic has also been used to describe those who simply believe that the evidence for or against God is inconclusive, and therefore are undecided about the issue.
To reduce the amount of confusion over the use of term agnosticism, it is recommended that usage based on a belief that we cannot know whether God exists be qualified as "strict agnosticism" and usage based on the belief that we merely do not know yet be qualified as "empirical agnosticism.Feb 18, · If God exists then surely God would want to, and could, deal with the problem of evil and suffering.
Evil and suffering continues to occur in the world. Using the exact words from the original source is called quoting. You should quote when you believe that the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective way to communicate the point you wish to make.
Introduction The issue of God and evil is an important theological subject in Christian theology. The problem has had various solutions and the Book of Job addresses the problem of evil.
Related Documents: Doctrine of Evil Final Woodbridge Essay Words - Pages 3.
Unity in the Church discord between Christ and Doctrine Essay. In other words, understanding what rhetors do with "evil" is of urgent importance in the present historical moment. I invite read- ers to read and use the productive essays in this forum to that end. This volume is an introduction to the problem of evil as it is currently discussed in professional philosophy.
I have designed the book for use in an academic setting, with hopes that both student and scholar may find many points interesting and provocative. Feb 18, · If God exists then surely God would want to, and could, deal with the problem of evil and suffering.
Evil and suffering continues to occur in the world.