Abstract Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. This paper highlights the development proposals of agro-based industries during the tenth five year plan. This study also points out that Andhra Pradesh occupied the first place with 10, processed food industry units and the least place was occupied by Meghalaya with only 3 units in the year
Jute textile industries Textile Industry It occupies unique position in the Indian economy, because it contributes significantly to industrial production 14 per centemployment generation 35 million persons directly — the second largest after agriculture and foreign exchange earnings about It contributes 4 per cent towards GDP.
It is the only industry in the country, which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain i. Cotton Textiles In ancient India, cotton textiles were produced with hand spinning and handloom weaving techniques.
After the 18th century, power-looms came into use. Our traditional industries suffered a setback during the colonial period because they could not compete with the mill-made cloth from England.
Today, there are nearly cotton and human made fibre textile mills in the country. About 80 per cent of these are in the private sector and the rest in the public and cooperative sectors.
Apart from these, there are several thousand small factories with four to ten looms. In the early years, the cotton textile industry was concentrated in the cotton growing belt of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Availability of raw cotton, market, transport including accessible port facilities, labour, moist climate, etc.
This industry has close links with agriculture and provides a living to farmers, cotton boll pluckers and workers engaged in ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing, designing, packaging, tailoring and sewing.
The industry by creating demands supports many other industries, such as, chemicals and dyes, mill stores, packaging materials and engineering works. While spinning continues to be centralised in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu, weaving is highly decentralised to provide scope for incorporating traditional skills and designs of weaving in cotton, silk, zari, embroidery, etc.
India has world class production in spinning, but weaving supplies low quality of fabric as it cannot use much of the high quality yarn produced in the country. Weaving is done by handloom, power loom and in mills.
The hand spun khadi provides large scale employment to weavers in their homes as a cottage industry. India exports yarn to Japan. Other importers of cotton goods from India are U.
India has the second largest installed capacity of spindles in the world, next to China, at around 34 million Since the mid-eighties, the spinning sector has received a lot of attention. We have a large share in the world trade of cotton yarn, accounting for one fourth of the total trade.
Our spinning mills are competitive at the global level and capable of using all the fibres we produce. The weaving, knitting and processing units cannot use much of the high quality yarn that is produced in the country.
There are some large and modern factories in these segments, but most of the production is in fragmented small units, which cater to the local market. This mismatch is a major drawback for the industry.RESOURCE BASED Agro based Forest based A.H.
and Poultry based Mineral based Marine based Miscellaneous Agro-based Agro-produce Processing units Agro-produce Agro-input Agro-service. ANIK’s Agro Commodities business is focused on trading in various Agro products in India and internationally.
The company has been trading & merchandising Cotton, Oilseeds, Grains, Pulses, Spices, and various agro based products in all the principal world markets and to the end users in major consumption markets.
After the cotton textile industry, the sugar industry is the most important agro-based industry in India. It provides employment to about 0. 5 million skilled and unskilled workers constituting about 7.
5% of the rural population and about 45 million sugarcane farmers. The agro-based industry includes indutries related to textiles, sugar, paper and vegetable oil.
These industries use agricultural products as their raw materials. Textile industry is the largest. 3 1. Preamble The purpose of this document is to detail the policy and guidelines for the Department of Trade and Industry’s (the dti’s) Agro-processing Support Scheme (APSS).
Industries that have agricultural produce as raw materials are known as Agro-Based Industries or Consumer-Based Industries. First the raw materials are collected from the agricultural fields and are then manufactured into accessible goods for the.